Classification of Hierarchical Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Network: A Survey

International Journal of P2P Network Trends and Technology (IJPTT)          
© 2013 by IJPTT Journal
Volume-3 Issue-1                           
Year of Publication : 2013
Authors : Navdeep Kaur, Deepika Sharma, Prabhdeep Singh


Navdeep Kaur, Deepika Sharma, Prabhdeep Singh."Classification of Hierarchical Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Network: A Survey". International Journal of P2P Network Trends and Technology (IJPTT), V3(1):28-33 Jan - Feb 2013, ISSN:2249-2615, Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.


The popularity of wireless sensor networks is increasing tremendously day by day due to the vast potential of sensor networks to provide many applications such as military applications , health monitoring, environmental monitoring etc. For the different application areas there are different technical issues that the researchers are resolving. Wireless sensor networks consists of small low cost sensor nodes, having a limited transmission range and their processing, storage capabilities and energy resources are limited. This network gather the information from nodes and transmits to base station for further processing. To perform routing in wireless sensor network with this limitation of low power, energy and storage capabilities is a major problem. Routing protocols are used for discovering and maintaining the routing in sensor networks. The most important consideration in designing protocols for WSN is the energy constraint of nodes due to limited power This paper reviews the main hierarchical routing protocols that are used in wireless sensor networks.


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Wireless sensor network, Hierarchical, Routing protocol.