Biomass & Its Processing Techniques in India

  IJPTT-book-cover
 
International Journal of P2P Network Trends and Technology (IJPTT)          
 
© 2014 by IJPTT Journal
Volume - 4 Issue - 5
Year of Publication : 2014
Authors : Dipanshu Chinwan , Anandini Arora , Rohit Singh , Vaibhav Garg

MLA

Dipanshu Chinwan , Anandini Arora , Rohit Singh , Vaibhav Garg."Biomass & Its Processing Techniques in India". International Journal of P2P Network Trends and Technology (IJPTT), V4(5):10-16 Sep - Oct 2014, ISSN:2249-2615, www.ijpttjournal.org, Published by Seventh Sense Research Group.

Abstract

This review is intended, to largely concentrate on and give an overview of the biomass that is available in the various regions of India and the appropriate techniques that are associated with the processing of the biomass collected. Biomass is highly diverse in nature and classified on the basis of site of origin, the different types of biomass are Field and plantation biomass (Cobs, stalks, Straw, Cane trashes, etc), Industrial biomass (Agro-industrial processed biomass and their wastes, Husk, Oilcake),Forest biomass (Timber, Log residues, Forest floor debris, Animal carcass),Urban waste biomass (Municipal solid wastes, Sewage sludge, Kitchen and canteen wastes), Aquatic biomass (Microalgae blooms, Sea weeds (E.g. Kelp), Fresh water weeds (E.g. Water Hyacinth), Dead fishes). Biomass is a complex class of feed stocks with significant energy potential to apply different technologies for energy recovery. Typically technologies for biomass energy are broadly classified on the basis of principles of thermo chemistry as combustion, gasification, pyrolysis and biochemistry as anaerobic digestion, fermentation and trans-esterification. Each technology has its uniqueness to produce a major calorific end product and a mixture of by-products. Since conventional form of energy is limited, the only alternative lie in the potential of renewable energy to supplant it as a major energy provider and India has a vast scope in this area to develop and prosper.

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Keywords
Biofuel, Biomass, biomass energy.